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Anatolian Enlightenment and the Republic – Part 2

2021-02-17T00:07:54+03:00By |Categories: Transcripts|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Turkish revolution is not a revolution that took place under normal conditions; it is a society gaining self-awareness after emerging victorious from the War of Independence. In other words, enlightenment here was realized through action. You tell people about the idea of enlightenment in order to motivate them to take an action.But the peoples of Anatolia gained this by themselves, emerging victorious from a war of survival by relying on themselves because they had no one else to rely on. This is my understanding of it.Gaining self-government means gaining one’s self. This could no longer be delegated to anyone [...]

Anatolian Enlightenment and the Republic – Part 1

2021-01-06T23:28:59+03:00By |Categories: Transcripts|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Following the age of Enlightenment, following the movements of the Renaissance and Enlightenment, the individual and individualism gained significant ground in the European world. The problematic of individualism was balanced by socialism, and the individual, or being an individual served as the main principle of permanent modernity. The three basic principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity were born out of the Enlightenment, and their reflection in society, their reception by society –although nothing short of a revolution– was also the result of a historical background. My principle when it comes to understanding the relationship between theory and society is [...]

The Dogmatic Scientific Attitude

2020-12-21T22:37:10+03:00By |Categories: Einstein’s Theory of Objective Relativity, Transcripts|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Intellect under Tutelage Science as a Religion Creativity is at an Impasse, as the Age of Communication Provides Access to “Data,” Rather Than to “Knowledge” The Difference between the Enlightened and the Intellectual The Brain also Gets Hungry The Physics of an Age Affects the Forms of the Consciousness of the Age Questioning the Type of Our Consciousness through the Theory of Relativity What is a Reference System? Einstein, Freud, Marx The Importance of Comprehending the Phenomenon of Process in Restructuring Consciousness The Difficulty of Comprehending the Relativity of [...]

Is “Enlightenment” Possible Without Understanding the Paradigm-Shifting Theory of Relativity?

2021-09-13T19:00:23+03:00By |Categories: Einstein’s Theory of Objective Relativity, Transcripts|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

As Times Change, So Do the Contents of Concepts Kant's Distinction between Phenomena and Noumena The East Started But Failed to Complete; the West Went Slow and Steady What is Not Related is Not Defined The Theory of Objective Relativity is the Most Revolutionary Theory of Our Age Another Look at Kant’s Phenomena through This Understanding How Did Hegel Overcome the Dilemma? From Contradiction to Relation: Relatio, Religare, Relativity Knowing Means Knowing the Transformation of a Thing For Enlightenment, We Must Update the Method of Logic We Use The [...]

An Important Barrier to Making Conscious Use of Consciousness: The Religion of Science

2021-09-13T15:50:34+03:00By |Categories: Einstein’s Theory of Objective Relativity, Transcripts|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Doing Philosophy on the Basis of Physics Theories Is There Certainty in Science? Does Enlightenment Flow from Society to Individual? Changing the Habits That Organize Consciousness Facing Up to the Dogma of Scientific Religion The Difference between Faith and Belief The Intellectual Impasse that Hegel Resolved Types of Reason According to How They Are Used The Use of Consciousness to Make Designs Does Not Employ Reason Doing Philosophy on the Basis of Physics Theories We are going to talk about the relativity of simultaneity, the [...]

About Art

2020-11-08T19:41:15+03:00By |Categories: Essays|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Modern civilization is built on four foundations: Sports, Science, Art, and Philosophy. Sports deals with the discipline of movement, Science with concepts and terminology specific to science, Art with images, and Philosophy with concepts. Artistic endeavor has existed in all cultures since the earliest periods in history, but art gained self-consciousness in Ancient Greece. This was no accident because Ancient Greece was also where people gained consciousness of philosophy, or of their own thoughts. Andrey Tarkovski “Art emerges and develops where there is a yearning for the ideal,” says A. Tarkovsky, and adds, “Art is a symbol of this [...]

Atatürk is a Pioneer

2020-12-15T00:42:39+03:00By |Categories: Transcripts|Tags: , , , , , , |

First of all, I would like to express my condolences to our nation, or rather to all humanity, for Atatürk was a pioneer not only for our nation, but for the entire world. In what sense? We could say because of his achievements or the Republic he founded, but he is also a pioneer in terms of enlightenment. I will focus on the enlightenment-related aspects of Atatürk, for history is not just a collection of facts and events, it also comprises the people who shape these events and act as subjects. Therefore, we would be mistaken if we were [...]


2020-07-16T00:40:06+03:00By |Categories: Essays|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

From Plato to this day, what leads people to philosophize is that they view themselves as in-between. People are stranded between nature that surrounds them and infinity (God) that transcends them. Ever since Plato and Aristotle, this in-betweenness has always been an object of wonder and curiosity. This curiosity is about objects, facts, events, and the riddle of the universe, but it is also felt regarding the inner world of humans. All attempts to provide solutions throughout the history of philosophy, whether positive or negative, have aimed to comprehend this state of in-betweenness. Many philosophical arguments have been put [...]

People Are Born Thrice

2020-07-16T00:34:35+03:00By |Categories: Essays|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |

The first birth is surrounded by the “cultural setting”; the second birth is into “education”, when the person is shaped via pedagogical, psychological and scientific methods; and the third birth is when a person “gives birth to themselves”, referring to time when one can shape one’s own life through one’s own free will. When we are born, we enter the world with nothing but genetic features, abilities and natural tendencies. We start to become shaped by the references of the cultural setting into which we are born. We cannot choose our parents, race, religion, locality or history; in short, [...]

The Problem of Method

2020-07-17T00:28:22+03:00By |Categories: Essays|Tags: , , , , , , , , |

In its most general usage, “method” refers to the procedure and technique used to carry out a task, to obtain and implement knowledge, and to evaluate results. Method is the term Western civilizations use to refer to such procedures. In Ancient Greece, the word kanon meant “example” and “method”, and was translated from Greek to Arabic as qanun, meaning rules and principles. I. Kant, the famous German thinker from the Enlightenment, defined kanon as “the sum total of the a priori principles of the correct use of certain cognitive faculties in general.” When it comes to method, further questions [...]