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Anatolian Enlightenment and the Republic – Part 2

2021-02-17T00:07:54+03:00By |Categories: Transcripts|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Turkish revolution is not a revolution that took place under normal conditions; it is a society gaining self-awareness after emerging victorious from the War of Independence. In other words, enlightenment here was realized through action. You tell people about the idea of enlightenment in order to motivate them to take an action.But the peoples of Anatolia gained this by themselves, emerging victorious from a war of survival by relying on themselves because they had no one else to rely on. This is my understanding of it.Gaining self-government means gaining one’s self. This could no longer be delegated to anyone [...]

It Is No Longer Possible to Practice Philosophy without Physics or Physics without Philosophy

2020-12-22T00:35:16+03:00By |Categories: Einstein’s Theory of Objective Relativity, Transcripts|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |

The Impossibility of Asking “What Is Empty Space?” Understanding That We Don’t Know and Cannot Think Is Transcendental God a Non-Comprehensible God? The Difference between the Topics of Philosophy and the Subject Matter of Philosophy The Necessity of Creating Ether for a Universe Devoid of a Physical Foundation Being Determined by the Opposite Is a Reference System Based on Our Senses is Sufficient to Generate Knowledge? Non-Abstract Thinking Cannot Arrive at the Idea of a Transcendent God The Impossibility of Asking “What Is Empty Space?”Two issues that [...]

The Problem of Akhlaq in Sufism

2021-02-15T03:35:08+03:00By |Categories: Essays|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , |

“Religion is morality in practice. Knowledge is but an instrument.” Lütfi Filiz Any treatise on akhlaq (morality/character) and Sufism (Tasawwuf) needs to make references to specialized literature and a set of concepts. The concepts of Sufism have both a philosophical and a poetic character, meaning that philosophical concepts alone would not be sufficient to explain Sufism. If philosophical concepts are like “day and night” to the mind, and mystic concepts are like “light and dark”, then Sufi concepts are like “dawn and twilight”, in that the language of Sufism contains both concepts and symbols. It addresses both aql (reason) and [...]

A “Stranger” on Earth

2020-10-01T15:27:25+03:00By |Categories: Essays|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |

“Through painful toil you will eat food from the ground all the days of your life.” Genesis 3:17 The “identity crisis” that emerged after the two world wars left people uncertain about how to define themselves, what to believe in and what to hope for. Neither the institution of religion, nor the state authorities had been able to protect humanity from these disasters. Following the French Revolution, in particular, “nation-state” organizations and “humanist” and “positivist” approaches to education were adopted throughout the world. This was the new way of existence for societies, and the rally cry of this new [...]


2020-07-16T00:40:06+03:00By |Categories: Essays|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

From Plato to this day, what leads people to philosophize is that they view themselves as in-between. People are stranded between nature that surrounds them and infinity (God) that transcends them. Ever since Plato and Aristotle, this in-betweenness has always been an object of wonder and curiosity. This curiosity is about objects, facts, events, and the riddle of the universe, but it is also felt regarding the inner world of humans. All attempts to provide solutions throughout the history of philosophy, whether positive or negative, have aimed to comprehend this state of in-betweenness. Many philosophical arguments have been put [...]

Let Us Get to Know One Another

2020-07-16T00:05:14+03:00By |Categories: Essays|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

“Let us get to know one another, for it makes things easier; let us stop being strangers, let us love and be loved; for the world is no one’s to inherit.” Yunus Emre A person of Anatolia can play an active role in the development of a mutual understanding, being situated between the East and the West, and with a deep awareness of both civilizations. The key difference between the civilizations of the East and West is that while the former is “verbal” and “conscientious”, the latter is “visual” and “rational”. Far Eastern and Sanskrit civilizations may also be [...]